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, ,(Clark,Mangel,1986). 7.ŠŠȠߠΠ˨ 7.1. . , 1 (Moore,1987;

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Klaassen et al., 2000) . .. ( 5.8 : , 1995), 3,65(.7.2). (,1995),, 6,0BMR, . 19,5 1 (Bolshakov et al., 2003), 4,871. .,, 12 BMR (, 1995), 9,75 1. , 67 . , , ( 1012 BMR), , . ..(1969,1971) . 8.ܠʠȠΠ˨:۠ȠȠ ՠ֠ 8.1. . (. . 2), FDRmax = 2,17 BM0,34, BM , (Lindstrm, 2003). 10,0 1,04 ( , ). 21,6 1 4,87 1 ( 6 BMR, . 7.6), , 4,6 . 4,1(Bolshakovetal.,2003), , . , 29,2,26,451 6BMR4,4. 0,72(Kirkwood,1983),堖0,67 (, 1995). , ,0,05,.., ,. . (.2).,12 , (. 2.6). , 4 . 8.2.,. , , (3). 4. ,, ,. (2.6). . , (., ) (Chernetsov,Titov,2001a;

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Raess, 2008). ۠ 1. 115 ( , ) , 2025. . , ( ), . 2. . 0,50% , 10% . : 12 , , . , . 3. . , , . U : . . 2530% ,,.. . 4. . . ,;

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. , , . ,()., , . 7. . . , , , . , . (12 ) , , , ࠖ. 8. Ӡ 67 . ,12BMR(,1995), . 9., , 4 : (1) ;

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